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  Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in American men, and the second leading cause of cancer deaths among men. One out of every 11 American men will develop prostate cancer. The risk increases with age. However, when caught and treated the five-year survival rate is 99%.

Risk Factors

The risk for developing prostate cancer rises significantly with age, and 60% of newly diagnosed cases occur in men over the age of 70. A family history of prostate cancer increases the risk. Other possible risk factors include:

• Diet high in saturated fat
• Exposure to heavy metals (e.g. cadmium)
• Race (African Americans have a higher incidence of prostate cancer.)
• Sedentary lifestyle
• Smoking

Warning Signs

If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor for a thorough examination.

• Blood in the urine or semen
• Frequent urination, especially at night
• Inability to urinate
• Nagging pain or stiffness in the back, hips, upper thighs, or pelvis
• Painful ejaculation
• Pain or burning during urination
• Weak or interrupted urinary flow

Prevention

The American Cancer Society recommends an annual screening for men over the age of 50. African-American men and all men with a family history of prostate cancer should consider annual screenings beginning at age 40.

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For a Lifetime of Caring - Mid Coast Hospital
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