What is Dysphagia?
Dysphagia is the inability to
swallow in a safe, effective, and timely manner.
People usually experience dysphagia when the
muscle system involved in swallowing is weakened.
Dysphagia can appear suddenly
or develop slowly. When it evolves slowly, there
is a risk its of
being accepted or adapted to as one’s condition
Evaluation and Treatment
Your speech pathologist
will talk with you about your medical history
He or she will then perform a swallowing
evaluation and provide appropriate treatment.
comprehensive assessment may include:
- Examination of strength
and movement of the lips, tongue, jaw, and
- A challenge tray
of various food textures and liquid consistencies.
- A Modified Barium
Swallow Study (MBSS), which is a state-of-the-art
procedure conducted by a speech
pathologist and a radiologist.
Management of Dysphagia
A number of treatment options are
available for managing dysphagia.
The right approach
varies with each individual
and the stage/phase of the condition.
of the options are:
- Adaptive equipment
- Deep pharyngeal neurological stimulation
– an intense stimulation program of the oral-pharyngeal
- Environmental and behavioral adjustments
- Muscle strengthening of the oral/pharyngeal
- Patient and family education
- Posture changes
- Prescribed food
and liquid consistencies
- Thermostimulation – a technique to trigger
the automatic swallowing reflex
For more information
about us please call 373-6175.
Causes of Dysphagia:
- Parkinson’s Disease
- ALS Disease
- Muscular Dystrophy
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Head and Neck Cancer
- Cerebral Palsy
- An inability to clear the mouth
- An inability to start the swallowing
- Frequent throat clearing
- Coughing, gagging, or choking
- A feeling of fullness or something
“stuck” in the throat
- Pneumonia or history of pneumonia
loss or dehydration resulting from
lack of eating and