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Mid Coast Hospital
Voice Therapy

What is a Voice Disorder?

A voice disorder is a breakdown of one or more of the three main components of voice production:

1. Respiration: breath support for vocal sound.

2. Phonation: the production of sound through vocal cord vibration.

3. Resonance: a natural sound-filtering system in the head and neck that improves voice quality.

Classification of Voice Disorders

Voice disorders encompass a wide range of medical, functional, and sometimes psychogenic conditions. They are classified into three categories:

  • Functional, as with traumatic laryngitis
  • Neurological, as with vocal cord paralysis
  • Organic, as with cancer, nodules/cysts, or reflux laryngitis

Evaluation and Plan of Care

When a patient comes for evaluation and treatment, a speech pathologist performs a voice evaluation and develops an individualized therapy plan based on the diagnostic findings. Evaluation results are shared with the patient and the patient’s physicians. A treatment plan may include:

  • Family education to facilitate support for the patient’s treatment plan
  • Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT)
  • Lessac-Madsen Resonant Voice Therapy
  • Patient education to heighten awareness of vocal function
  • Vocal exercises and strategies to improve vocal quality
  • Vocal hygiene techniques

For more information about us please call 373-6175.


Symptoms of Voice Disorders:

  • Breathiness
  • Hoarse voice
  • Hyper- or hypo-nasal voice
  • Inability to produce voice or interruption in voice
  • Involuntary noise preceding voice production
  • Involuntary voice pitch
  • Raspy Voice
  • Speaking with an extremely high or low pitch continuously
  • Strained, strangled voice
  • Sudden burst in voice
  • Tensed voice
  • Tired voice resulting in lower volume and decreased quality
  • Voice Tremor